The complex nature of obesity requires that the health services take a holistic, integrated approach to identification, early intervention and treatment.
Obesity and Chronic Diseases
Overweight and obesity is defined as ”abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health” (World Health Organisation, 2017). It is a progressive, chronic and complex disease affecting all ages and genders.
Body mass index (BMI) is the most widely used measure of obesity in clinical practice as direct assessment of body fat is not readily available. BMI defined as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters (kg/m2), is considered to be the best available population marker for monitoring trends in overweight and obesity in adults, children and young people over time.
Ireland has one of the highest levels of obesity in Europe, with 60% of adults and over one in five children and young people living with overweight and obesity. There are multiple drivers that influence obesity including genetics, environmental and socioeconomic factors.
Obesity is associated with other chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, several types of cancer, pain and musculoskeletal disorders. Certain groups in the population have a high risk of excess weight gain leading to obesity, these include older people, women in pregnancy and post-natal, individuals with eating disorders, mental illness, intellectual and physical disabilities as well as socially excluded and disadvantaged groups.
Overweight and obesity is a highly stigmatized condition. Many people, including healthcare practitioners, have negative attitudes and beliefs about people with overweight and obesity. Weight stigma in healthcare can prevent healthcare professionals from having supportive and non-judgemental consultations with patients, which can result in a lack of diagnosis and low efficacy of interventions for weight management.
Experiences of judgement and shame in the healthcare setting prevents people with obesity from seeking help. Weight stigma can also lead to the under-recognition and undermanagement of symptoms of eating disorders. Stigmatisation is associated with greater psychological distress and can cause people to engage in behaviours that make obesity worse.
The complex nature of obesity requires that the health services take a holistic, integrated approach to identification, early intervention and treatment. Actively managing overweight and obesity will improve health, quality of life and overall mortality while reducing healthcare costs.
What is a Gastric Bypass
The gastric bypass method involves connecting the uppermost part of the stomach (forming a small pouch) directly to the small intestine. After the gastric bypass, the ingested food will enter this small pouch in the stomach and then directly into the small intestine, bypassing most of the stomach and the first section of the small intestine.
A very significant reduction in food intake and digestive capacity is achieved, reducing caloric absorption. To achieve a good healing of the stomach, a good weight loss, and a substantial improvement in health, the patient must follow certain nutritional guidelines for a minimum of 2-3 months, and make some changes in their diet in the long term.
The operation is carried out in one of our hospitals in Benidorm, and the recovery will take place in one of our sunny flats, with the help you need during this time.